The Cadzow family is one of the most ancient names of Scotland and Europe. Cadzow comes from the Gaelic word ‘Cadihou’, a name that literally means ‘beautiful castle’ in that language.
Another view says that Cadiou is a family name that has its roots in Breton, the Celtic portion of north-western France. (A branch of that family, the Cadieux, arrived in French Canada from western France in 1654. Today, there are several variations of the name in French Canada, including Cadieu, that are phonetically recognizable against the Scots variations of the name Cadzow.)
In Clan Hamilton history, some describe Cadzow as the “ancient name of Hamilton” — though by the most believable account this does not mean that Hamiltons descended from the original Cadzows.
There are two mentions of the Cadzow name during the 6th century. The first is in the story of the Glasgow coat of arms. The second is in the story of Rederech, the 6th century ruler of Strathclyde. Both stories cross the path of St. Mungo, a prominent Celtic cleric of that day.
King David I of Scotland (1124-1153) made Cadzow a Royal Barony in the 12th century.
In the 14th century, the Cadzow family lived on the lands of the Barony of Cadzow just outside present-day Hamilton, Scotland, until they made a fateful decision to side with the English. Following the famous battle at Bannockburn (1314), the Barony of Cadzow lands were awarded to a father and son duo whose progenitors became the Hamiltons.
Following this, the name of the family manor in Cadzow was changed to ‘Hamilton’ by Royal Charter in 1445. The name of Cadzow gradually faded from the map and Hamilton came into focus. The full story of the Cadzow Oaks was written by Ian Hamilton, QC, and published in the July, 1996, issue of the SCOTTISH BANNER.
The Cadzow family name has a number of alternate spellings, such as Cadyhow, Caidyoth, Cadiou, Cadzhowe, Cadioche, Cadioch, as found in various records by Nigel Cadzow. He put together some historical snippets about Cadzow and other Cadzow-related names.
Today, Cadzow family members occupy homes in every corner of the earth, including their homeland in Scotland.
Looking to do some Scottish genealogy research?
- Read and contribute to the Cadzow Family Genealogy Forum at Genealogy.com.
- Cindy’s List is well-recognized on the web as a portal to many genealogical sites.
- Rootsweb: genealogy site supported by Ancestry.com.
- Scotland’s People, the official genealogy records of Scotland.
- Finding your ancestors in Scotland before 1855
- Research your Scottish ancestry at Visit Scotland
Recording family history on your computer: