LATEST ARTICLES

Cadzow: a short history

The Cadzow family is one of the most ancient names of Scotland and Europe. Cadzow comes from the Gaelic word 'Cadihou', a name that literally means 'beautiful castle' in that original Celtic language. Another view says that Cadiou is a family name that has its roots in Breton, the Celtic portion of north-western France....

The first Cadzow record

The armorial insignia of the city of Glasgow contains the earliest reference to Cadzow that we have found so far.  The elements of the insignia tell of the legends surrounding St. Mungo, a priest of the Celtic church who lived in the 6th century and died in 603. From...

The coming of the Hamiltons

"What of the Cadzow family? Seven centuries separates them from their disastrous choice of the losing side."By Ian Hamilton, Q.C.Reprinted with permissions from the Scottish Banner, July, 1996.  Near the town of Hamilton there is a plantation of oak trees that dates back to the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. In that year, the...

Surnames in Scotland

Clans | Tartans | Surnames To put the origins of the surname Cadzow in some context, it is helpful to understand how the association between surnames and families, clans, and tartans evolved in Scotland. But, if you think you can trace your family back several centuries just by finding men of the same last name, think again....

The Origins of Tartan

Clans | Tartans | Surnames There are two main schools of thought on the origin of tartans. One view is that every Scottish family had a distinctive tartan pattern, the colors of which were obtained from the plants which grew only in their locality. The opposing view states that kilts and...

The Origins of Clans

Clans | Tartans | Surnames The modern word clan came from the Gaelic word for "children", more accurately translated as "family". The term clan became accepted in the Scottish highlands during the 13th century. A clan is a social group whose core comprises a number of families derived from, or accepted as being derived from, a common ancestor....

Chatelherault

Chatelherault is the palacial hunting lodge originally built by the Hamiltons in the 17th century and restored in this century. Cadzow Castle can be found on the grounds surrounding Chatelherault. Although Chatelherault looks impressive from the front, it is actually fairly narrow and it's the facade that's impressive, not the depth.

Cadzow Castle

Cadzow Castle sits on top of a escarpment just outside Hamilton and down a path from Chatelherault.   We visited in 1998. Here are some pictures of what we found: ChatelheraultFrom the Avon Bridge, looking up the escarpment to the remains of the castleA view of the grassy pathway into...

1000 years of Cadzows

From the old Barony of Cadzow, now included in the parish of Hamilton, Lanarkshire. Found in The Surnames of Scotland: Their origin, Meaning and History Black, George F., Edinburgh 1993 Researched by Nigel Cadzow 1260 AD:W. de Cadio, canon of Glasgow, is mentioned in 1258 (register 208) and, as Willelmus de Cadihou, he...

Finding the ‘lost’ village of Cadzow

(From the BBC (March 10, 2016) and Transport Scotland sources) Motorway construction workers have unearthed archaeological artifacts that experts believe may be from a lost medieval Scots village. The crew made the discovery 18 months ago on the verge of the M74, near J6, opposite Hamilton Services. It included two structures, coins and pieces of pottery, and smoking pipes. Archaeologist believe they may be...